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The exhaustive list of topics in Surveying in which we provide Help with Homework Assignment and Help with Project is as follows:

  • Geoinformatics:
    • Field Surveying- definition & objectives
    • Concept of Geoid and reference spheroids
    • Coordinate systems
    • Plane and geodetic surveys
    • Methods of location of a point- classification of surveys
    • Principles of surveyingErrors in measurements- sources
    • Types of errors and their treatment.
    • Random error distribution
    • Accuracy
    • Precision and uncertainty
    • Surveying instruments- temporary and permanent adjustment concept
    • Principle of reversal.Maps- types, importance, scales/CI, conventional symbols, and generalization
    • Topographic mapsmap projection systems
    • Sheet numbering systems
    • Map layout.
  • LINEAR MEASUREMENTS:
    • Direct and indirect methods
    • Chain and tape measurements- corrections to tape measurements
    • Optical methods- tacheometers
    • Sub tense bar
    • Electronic methods- EDMs, total stations.
  • MEASUREMENT OF ELEVATIONS:
    • Various terms
    • Methods of height determination
    • Spirit leveling- different types of levels and staves
    • Booking and reduction of data
    • Classification and permissible closing error
    • Profile leveling and cross sectioning
    • Curvature & refraction and collimation errors
    • Reciprocal levelingContours- characteristics
    • Uses and methods of contouring.
  • MEASUREMENT OF DIRECTIONS:
    • Bearings and angles
    • Compass surveying- magnetic bearings, declination, local attraction errors and adjustments
    • Theodolites- different types, uses, methods of observation and booking of data.
  • TRAVERSING, TRIANGULATION AND TRILATERATION:
    • Purpose and classification of each
    • Compass and theologize traverses- balancing of traverses
    • Computation of coordinates
    • Omitted measurements.
    • Triangulation- network
    • Strength of figures
    • Field work- racy
    • Selection of stations
    • Inter-visibility
    • Satellite stations
    • Measurements and computations
    • Trigonometrical leveling.
  • PLANE TABLING:
    • Merits and demerits
    • Accessories
    • Orientation and resection
    • Methods of plane tabling
    • Three point problem and solutions
    • Errors in plane tabling.
  • ADJUSTMENT COMPUTATIONS:
    • Propagation of errors
    • Variance and covariance
    • Least squares principle and adjustment of field survey data by parametric and condition equation methods.
  • PROJECT SURVEYS:
    • Engineering project surveys- requirements and specifications
    • Various stages of survey work Setting out of works- buildings
    • Culverts and simple circular curves.